Different Types of Psychologists

Psychology is -and always has been- a science that is responsive to current events. From the beginning, psychologists from all basic areas of specialization have sought to apply what they have learned to the solution of important human problems. Early in the twentieth century, French psychologist Alfred Binet developed the first modern intelligence test to help schools identify children needing special attention. After the Nazi horrors of World War II, psychologists began intensively to study obedience to authority, propaganda, prejudice, and aggression. Today, researchers study traumatic stress and other psychological consequences of terrorism.

Psychology today has a number of important domains of applications. Health psychologist, many of whom work in medical schools, study a range of problems, such as how stress affects the heart and the immune system, what coping mechanisms are most adaptive, and why people live longer if they have friends and other social connections than if they are alone. Educational psychologists study such topics as intelligence and testing, classroom management, and academic motivation. Industrial/organizational psychologists focus on human behavior in the workplace, as they study personnel selection, leadership in management, motivation, and worker productivity. Consumer psychologists focus on advertising and other aspects of behavior in the marketplace. Environment psychologists study the relationship between people and their physical surroundings-including the effects of street noise, heat, and population density. Many psychologists also work in the legal system consulting with attorneys and judges, testifying in court, teaching law schools, and researching such issues as jury selection and decision making, eyewitness identifications, and the insanity defense. As with all other basic science, psychology has strayed from the laboratories and into the real world.

Bloom’s Taxonomy in Education

What are the various aspects of learning that needs to be taken into account to make education wholesome and effective? Many educators, thinkers, philosophers, and psychologists have dwelt upon this question. In the modern era, Benjamin Bloom, an American educational psychologist probed the underlying principles behind learning and came out with a very systematic way of looking at learning known as the Bloom’s Taxonomy that tries to provide an elegant and comprehensive answer.

Bloom’s Taxonomy covers three domains through which a learner engages in learning, namely, the cognitive, the affective and the psycho-motor.

He divided the cognitive domain into six levels ranging from the lowest to the highest form of cognitive learning abilities.

The six levels that Benjamin Bloom identified under cognitive domain are:

1. Knowledge: Knowledge involves simply recalling or memorization of facts. For example, formulae, historical dates, key definitions, etc, can be memorized. In this rudimentary stage of learning, the learner may sometimes spew out some information that he/she remembers without completely understanding the concept. He/she may only have a vague understanding of the topic. Schools in the early 1900s focused on rote learning. This practice still continues to be the norm in many parts of the world.

2. Comprehension: In this stage, the learner demonstrates deep understanding of the concept and is able to articulate the information learnt in his or her own words. For example, a learner might be able to beautifully explain the process of photosynthesis in his or her own words after going through a detailed interactive animation on the same topic.

3. Application: In this stage, the learner after having a deep grasp of the concept is able to apply it in practical situations. For example, the learner will be able to make a simple solar cooker after learning about its principles and how to make one.

4. Analysis: Analysis involves breaking down the information that is conceptually understood and applied into smaller chunks and being able to think about it. For example, the learner might look at particular aspects of a poem that he or she is studying like the rhyme scheme or use of metaphors and similes.

5. Synthesis: Synthesis is bringing together the different concepts of a topic/group of topics into a cohesive whole after applying the learning and coming up with innovations based on the same. At this stage, one’s creativity is unleashed as the learner tries to integrate the learning from different sources. For example, the learner may come up with a new design for a space craft after a comprehensive study of aerodynamics.

6. Evaluation: Evaluation enables the learner to give critical feedback on any piece of work. For example, a self-assessment of a piece of literature that a writer has written comes under evaluation.

The affective domain is another crucial domain of Bloom’s Taxonomy which involves the emotional well-being of the learner. This is one aspect of his learning theory that has been sadly neglected in many educational systems. This involves developing the self-esteem as well as the empathy level of the learner.

The psycho-motor domain involves using one’s own hands or tools in order to find solutions and encompasses the overall physical being of the learner including coordination. Sports help in developing this domain.

We can thus conclude that if all the aspects of Bloom’s Taxonomy are incorporated into the learning process, we can have a more wholesome learning outcome.

A Typical Day Practicing Education Psychology – Distance Education Psychology Degree

Is a Distance Education Psychology Degree for you?

o Do you like working in school settings?
o Do you like advising and help students and parents?
o Do you like consulting school administrators?
o Are you interested in how people learn and process information?

If so, you may want to consider a degree in education psychology. Education psychologists work in a varied number of positions and settings. Careers include faculty positions at community colleges, and universities as well as managerial positions in education, training, testing and research. Looking for more specifics, read on!

A Typical Day Practicing Educational Psychology

Upon completion of my graduate degree I took on a position as the director of assessment and accountability in a local school district. My day usually started at 8am in the district office. I was responsible for coordinating all testing conduced by the district. This included all state mandated testing as well as local district level assessments.

To achieve this goal, I meet regularly with testing coordinators from each school, individuals responsible for making sure all testing ran smoothly at the school level. I would help them in their organization for testing, encourage discussion between schools and answer any questions from teachers, parents or students regarding testing procedures.

Additionally, I was responsible for all testing data analysis. This meant communicating testing results to students, parents, teachers and administrators. During the course of a work day, I would meet with many different parties.

I would meet with parents to talk about their student achievement concerns and to help them devise a study plan by identifying student weaknesses and areas in need of improvement. I would meet with teachers to talk about classroom instruction and areas for improvement. I would meet with school administrators to evaluate school performance, evaluate current curriculum and improve instruction.

Defining a typical day in the life of an educational psychologist is almost impossible. This degree allows for so many career options and each brings with it a vast array of tasks and projects. If you enjoy focusing on student achievement and like working with people, you should consider an education psychology program.

Where do I start?

Enrolling in a two year online master’s degree educational psychology program is the quickest way to become an educational psychologist. This type of program will introduce you to concepts such as research methodology, human learning, development, motivation and cognition.

Like in any other field of study a masters or doctorate degrees will give you the most job options and advancement opportunities. There are numerous online degree programs in education psychology to choose from. Consider obtaining you degree online if you like working from home, have a full time job, have a family or just like working in an online environment.

All About Child Psychologists

What is a Child Psychologist (or CP)?

It’s a type of psychologist who deals with the mental, social and emotional development of children. Normally the child psychologists observe the development from the prenatal period through puberty. A few major topics include language development, genetics, personality, gender roles, cognitive development, sexual development and social growth.

They may work with different ages of children or it could be a specific age group. The number of patients would not matter as the psychologist would highly focus on helping to understand, diagnose and treat development, prevent, cognitive, social and emotional issues and supervise other teams.

Now there are some related options to this career:

-Abnormal psychologist a

-Adolescent psychologist

-Developmental psychologist

-School psychologist

-Educational psychologist

Educational requirements:

There are some opportunities with a master’s degree, but there are more options at the doctoral-level. There are several programs which offer child psychology degree, but it’s better to earn a Ph.D. or Psy.D. After completing the degree a supervised clinical internship is required that usually lasts for 3 years. Depending on the country you are in you would then normally be required to be accredited by a health counsel like the HPC.

What does a Child Psychologist do?

It depends upon where he or she works. Some of them counsel young patients in therapeutic situations, while some of them work in research so they can explore different aspects of child psychology.

The job duties depend on the specialization, a few of the tasks may include:

-Treating and diagnosing learning or developmental disabilities

-Manage behavioral issues

-Administering psychological issues

-Conducting scientific research

-Working with a health care team to create a treatment plan for a client

Educational requirements:

There are some opportunities with a master’s degree, but there are more options at the doctoral-level. There are several programs which offer child related psychology degrees, but it’s better to earn a Ph.D. or Psy.D. After completing the degree a supervised clinical internship is required that usually lasts for 2-3 years, and then pass state and national evaluation to become licensed.

Where does a Child Psychologist work?

They may work at schools, courts, hospitals, and mental health clinics, or as part of a private practise.

How is the Job Outlook

Job prospects are anticipated to be the strongest for doctorate degree holders in an applied specialty area. The awareness of child mental health is increased so it should also help to spur the demand for child psychologist.

How much can you earn?

Salaries may vary for child psychologists on geographic location, sector of employment, educational background and experience in the field. But depending on your level or grade, you could earn between £30,000-60,000 per annum.

The Family Psychologist specialise in Child Psychology

If you need help in becoming a child Psychologist Please get in touch.

How to Become a Clinical Psychologist

What is a Clinical Psychologist?

Clinical psychology refers to a branch of psychology that deals with the diagnoses and treatment of mental disorders, abnormal dispositions, and psychiatric problems. It is a combination of psychological science and treatment procedures of critical and complex human problems. A clinical psychologist is the person who deals with the complete process of prevention, estimation, analysis, and healing of mental disorders.

The American psychologist Lightner Witmer was the first person who coined the term ‘clinical psychology’ in a paper written in 1907. Witmer defined the subject as a study carried through ‘observation or experimentation’. At present days, it is one of the most popular sub-branches in the psychology field.

A clinical psychologist must be a sound person who is able to think objectively and neutrally. S/he must be wise and prudent enough to sort out the problems of people who are going through difficult stages of their life and guide them to the right way, so that they can overcome their troubles.

What Does A Clinical Psychologist Do?

The main duty of such professionals is to reduce the distress and improve the psychological condition of patients. They have their own unique ways to find the causes of mental distress and apply the means to bring positive changes to the patients’ lives.

Clinical psychologists generally offer treatments for:

i. Schizophrenia
ii. Depression
iii. Neurological disorders
iv. Addictive behaviors
v. Personal, professional, or familial relationship problems
vi. Eating disorders
vii. Learning disabilities; and many more

They may adopt a number of different treatment approaches. However, most of them have to perform some typical tasks, such as:

1. Using psychometric tests, observation of behaviors, interviews, etc. to assess patients’ behavior, abilities, and needs.
2. Be creative to devise and monitor perfect programs for therapy and counseling in collaboration with colleagues.
3. Developing and weighing up the provision of service for patients.
4. Acting as counselors and supporting caregivers.
5. Carrying out practical research in order to add to the evidence base of practice in various settings of healthcare sectors.
6. More experienced professionals may keep detailed paperwork about patients in order to track their progress.

In order to handle complex problems of patients, They often work in multidisciplinary team alongside other professionals.

What it Takes to be a Clinical Psychologist?

It is a long process to become a clinical psychologist. In fact, no other sub-branch of psychology takes so much time to be completed as this one does. However, the profession is worthwhile for investing such long period because they are allowed to enjoy a lot of freedom in their career.

The educational requirements for becoming a clinical psychologist are quite painstaking. After earning a bachelor degree, most clinical psychologists have to spend four to six years in graduate school.

Two kinds of degrees are available in the field of clinical psychology – a Ph.D. and a Psy.D. A Ph.D. program is theoretical in nature and is centered on research. On the other hand, a Psy.D. program is more pragmatic in nature and is practice-oriented. Without pursuing these two types of degrees, opportunities are also there for students to enroll into graduate programs that provide a terminal master’s degree.

In the USA, clinical psychologists have to pursue a doctorate degree. They are given training within clinical settings. In the U.K., students can pursue doctorate degree through programs funded by the National Health Service. These programs are very competitive in nature and are centered on both practice and research. Students who want to undertake any one of these programs must have to have experience along with an undergraduate degree in a psychology curriculum approved by the British Psychological Society.

Workplace

The work setting of clinical psychologists varies depending on the specialty or work area. The normal work areas for research psychologists are universities or colleges. They have to teach some courses in each semester besides performing their research responsibilities.

Some industrial psychologists work in corporations or companies. They help companies to manage their employees and key assets better.

Neuropsychologists and forensic psychologists are seen to work in private practice. Neuropsychologists also work in hospitals while forensic psychologists have to perform the clinical verification process in court and court settings.

However, clinical psychologists work in a variety of settings. They often go for private practice or work in public mental health sector. They also work in clinical counseling centers of universities and colleges where they help students to overcome some minor problems, such as adjusting to college life. They are also to be found in office setting working besides other types of mental health professionals, such as social workers and psychiatrists.

Salary

According to a survey conducted by the American Psychological Association in 2000, a licensed clinical psychologist earns an average of $87,015. In fact, the typical salary of a clinical psychologist ranges from $51,000 to $90,000.

The salary level may vary according to some factors such as years of practice and experience, level of education, workplace settings, and even on geographical location. A more experienced and highly educated psychologist will definitely earn more than a less educated and experienced psychologist does. Similarly, the salary of a psychologist practicing in a developed country will be higher than that of a psychologist practicing in a developing country.

Continuing Education Psychologists Need

Being in the field of psychology necessitates knowledge in a variety of areas. Continuing education psychologists need is often required for them to keep their license if they have a clinical practice. If you are in this field you may even be a teacher. Much of the knowledge gained with a psychology degree is very important for teachers.

If you are a teacher with a degree in the field of psychology then you are not likely to be required to take the same type of continuing education psychologists are required to have. This does not mean that you as a teacher should ignore expanding your knowledge. The school where you work may require some continued learning anyway. Being a teacher is a field that necessitates a broad range of knowledge even if you are only teaching one subject.

Even though you may already have a psychology degree, as a teacher it would not hurt to learn even more in this field. Working with kids can do a number on the brain of a teacher. It is important for a teacher to really understand his or her students and the age group that they are teaching. Knowing the different stages of how students think will help you a great deal as a teacher. Courses in continuing education psychologists need might be a benefit to you as a teacher as well.

Taking these courses will also look good on your resume in case you decide to change directions in your career. You could have the opportunity to become a social worker, counselor, or even a psychologist. The more courses that you have under your belt in this field, the better it will look to prospective employers.

As a teacher, you should also be reading all of the time. You could do some of this reading in topics of psychology to help you have more insight into your students. Some institutes that offer courses in continuing education psychologists use may also offer a magazine with topics in psychology and even in other topics that pertain to what you need to learn. Getting a subscription to one of these magazines may be helpful for you so that you do not have to necessarily take a course.

If you think you are too busy for extra courses, you may be right. Teachers can be very busy with making tests, grading papers, as well as having the extra-curricular activities that often come up. If you do have an hour a day though that is free, you probably have time for an online class. You might not even have to do an hour a day. You might have more time in one day, and you may be able to put in more time during that day.

Whatever the case, as a teacher, you should keep learning. Your students will appreciate it, and they will respect you for being knowledgeable in your subject matter as well as in how to deal with them.

Find a Psychologist – Things to Consider

Psychologists are medical professionals who are comprised and associated to social sciences and research. Individuals with mental issues go to these professionals for diagnosis and treatment. Psychologists are further branched into smaller categories with various specialties. Here are things to consider in finding the right psychologist to help you.

Trained psychologists are skilled in guiding their clients through a wide scope of social problems like stress, relationships, work, family, school and such. Coping with everyday life for people with mental issues may not get through it on their own. It takes a professional psychologist to diagnose and find solution for that client to function optimally.

In United Kingdom, there are also various specialists that cater to specific psychological needs. Chartered Psychologist is the title given to all accredited psychologists. Here are some of the types of psychologists to walk you through the basics:

Clinical Psychologists

In United Kingdom, Clinical psychologists deal with psychological issues such as depression, relational problems, learning difficulties, depression, child and family problems. Their scope of psychology involves clinical assessments such as tests, interviews or observation of behaviour with treatments involving individual or group sessions based on psychological models and research. Clinical psychologists are usually working in health and social care establishments such as hospitals, health centres and child and adolescent mental health services to name a few.

Counselling Psychologist

Counselling psychologists use a new method wherein psychological theory and practices are integrated is used with therapeutic practice. Professionals under this category have high self-awareness and proficient to interrelate personal and interpersonal dynamics translated to a therapeutic framework. Risk and mental assessment, planning and implementing therapy, research and multidisciplinary team work and facilitation are some of the key tasks these psychologists do. Most counselling psychologists work in industries, prison service, and commerce and in any level of education from primary to universities.

Educational Psychologists

Educational psychologists in United Kingdom mostly cater to younger clients who have learning difficulties, social issues or emotional dilemmas. Professionals under this category are geared to enhancing the individual’s learning abilities. They also help instructors or teachers to provide a more suitable learning environment, especially for children, to maximize learning abilities through efficient and suitable learning methods. Educational psychologists often work with teachers and parents in most social or educational establishments.

In choosing the right therapist for you or your child’s needs, you might want to consider these qualities first:

1. Experience

Although age is considered to be subjective, the quality and efficiency of therapy may rely on your psychologist’s experience. Though may find that having older psychologists gives out a more mature presence, experience in dealing with a variety of psychological cases can help young or old clients to be treated more efficiently than those who are not yet well adept with specific cases.

2. Qualifications

As what was said prior, psychology is not a ‘one size fits all’ glove. Psychologists have specialized areas with specific treatments. In United Kingdom, Chartered psychologists are considered accredited and highly qualified to treat individuals with specific needs.

3. Environment

The atmosphere in which you or your child will be treated is also an indication of credibility. Professional psychologists are often found in a health institution or personal clinic with a calm atmosphere. The place should not be intimidating but relaxing to establish a good rapport with your psychologist for a more efficient treatment process.

Five Steps to Finding the Best Educational Consultant for Your Student

If you type the phrase “Educational Consultant” into Google, you will get over eight million results. That’s a pretty daunting place to start a search when you need to find the best individual to help your student achieve success. Whether you’re looking for a consultant to help you navigate the maze of special education requirements and Individualized Education Plans or you’re a student from another country trying to find the best college in the United States for your field of study, a good educational consultant can be the difference between success and frustration.

So, once you’ve narrowed down your selection from eight million to a few consultants that you are considering, how do you make that final decision?

Below are five things to consider when trying to find the right consultant.

Licensed Education Psychologist

A licensed educational psychologist is typically a master’s level practitioner who is licensed by the Board of Behavioral Sciences (BBS). This is a license that is unique to California. The requirement for an LEP is a master’s degree and proof of 3 years of working in the educational system. When you find that someone is a licensed educational psychologist, you know that they have the experience and education to handle the multitude of challenges you may be faced with during the consultation process.

Experience Working With Schools and Individuals

Working with your student’s school is a critical part of most issues that require involvement from an educational consultant. Seeing that this is such an important part of the overall process, it’s best to find a consultant who has worked in schools as a counselor or school psychologist. When you are researching or interviewing a consultant, ask them whether they have this type of experience. If they do it means that they most likely have in-depth familiarity of all steps of the process from both sides of the equation, what tests and assessments are best, what schools look for in certain situations, etc.

Experience in area of need/specialty – (admissions, IEP, Special Education, etc.)

One of the first questions you should ask a prospective consultant is: “Can you give us an overview of your experience dealing with __________________?” Then you can ask them to take through the process step-by-step so you can get an understanding of what you’re up against. This will serve two purposes: 1.) it will educate you to the process; and 2.) it will give you some insight into the consultant’s true understanding of how things will play out. If they can take you through the milestones off the top of their head without hesitation, it usually means it’s not their first rodeo.

Knowledge of Testing/Assessments

Whether you’re trying to get into a top US college or you need to find out if your student qualifies for special educational accommodations under state or Federal laws, assessments are a large part of the process. Sometimes the consultant will be administering these assessments and other times they will be reviewing the results of assessments administered by someone else. You want to make sure that your consultant knows the testing scenarios for your particular area of need backward and forward. To determine this, ask them to describe the testing procedures and briefly explain what each test is trying to determine.

Good Chemistry with Your Student

Make sure the consultant and your student have a good enough relationship to be able to make continual progress. They don’t have to be best friends, but you want to make sure the relationship is strong enough that your student will feel comfortable sharing information about their educational limitations and frustrations. Open communication with your consultant is important to a successful outcome. Ask your student what he/she thought of the consultant during the initial meeting.

There are a lot of excellent consultants available for a variety of educational challenges. The above list is by no means exhaustive, but it can help you quickly identify consultants who are experienced, knowledgeable and have the disposition to work well with your student throughout the process.

What Is a Private Psychologist?

Psychologists are probably the only people a person can talk their mind to. Other people might start judging you, they might get offended by what you say, or they might just think you are weird.

Whatever the case may be, you can always rely on psychologists to help you out with any kind of mental trouble you might be facing. Just like doctors, there are different kinds of psychologists as well. The most popular kind of psychologists are clinical psychologists, and they deal with problems such as; stress, anxiety, relationship problems, depression, learning disabilities, family problems and mental illness. Other than clinical psychologists, there are educational psychologists (also known as counselors at times), Neuropsychologists (who identify injuries related to your brain), Occupational psychologists (the kind you have in Organizations often at the time of recruitment and redundancy), Forensic psychologists (who help with the legal proceedings in court, criminal behavior, etc.), Sport psychologists (although rare, they work with the team and keep them mentally focused), and lastly Health psychologists (helping people quit smoking, alcohol, drugs and also changing the way people look at illness or their health).

Now that you know all about the kinds of psychologists out there, you can take your problems to a specific kind for a more specialized treatment. Private psychologists can be more helpful than the ones you have at public institutions, although it’s not as if they are not qualified enough or anything like that. It is more about just how much time and effort the psychologist gives to a particular patient. Since a private psychologist will be charging more, but you can expect to see them much quicker.

At times there are special cases that require more care, clients that require more involvement, and that level of involvement is some thing that you should be always hopefully experiencing from private psychologists. At times, one does not wish to be very straight forward or direct with just any clinical psychologist and so you can take things at a pace you are comfortable with by visiting a private professional in the field of psychology.

There can be a lot of reasons for being like that, you might have a very sensitive issue you have not talked to any one about and have trouble sharing it, or you might even want to develop some kind of trust before you give the psychologist information about the state of your mind. Whatever the case is, just keep in mind that they are professionals and it is their job to hear people out and listen to them; they are bound keeping information private and not sharing it with others.

No chartered psychologist would risk giving out information about patients or breaching their trust as it can have a lot of implications on their reliability and their reputation. So feel free about sharing what you have in your mind whenever you go to a psychologist.

Education Jobs – The Top 10 Jobs In Education

There are 3 main classifications into which the education sector can be divided. They are:

• School education
• Further education
• Higher education

Sometimes, education is carried out in a non-classroom background. It may take place in a prison or in a hospital. Education jobs are not only comprised of teaching jobs. Other people are working behind the running of the education sector. For example, there are people to look after the administration of an educational institute; there are people in the finance department, people are present to lend technical support to the institute, there are teaching assistants and also educational psychologists associated with the sector.

ABOUT DIFFERENT COUNTRIES:

The education sector in countries like England, Wales and in Northern Ireland is quite similar in administration. However, Scotland has different ways of running this sector. The rules and laws concerning the educational sector are different in this country.

THE DEMAND OF PEOPLE IN EDUCATION JOBS:

Graduates are in high demand as far as education jobs are concerned. Sometimes, there are a dearth of teachers in subjects like mathematics and science. Survey says that the primary schools are filled with teachers while the secondary schools still have vacancies.

THE TOP 10 EDUCATION JOBS ARE:

• Primary school teacher: the primary school starts from class 1 up to class 5. The teachers are required to teach subjects like English, mathematics, basic science, history, geography and another language. Other things like art and crafts and physical education are also taught. So not only subject teachers are required, there are places for education jobs too.

HIGHER EDUCATION JOBS:

• Secondary school teacher: the secondary school starts from class 6 and extends up till class 12. There are several subjects taught to the students at the secondary level. The students receive physical education training as well.

• Teacher in further education or in the college level: after passing out schools students enter colleges. Teachers train these students on specialized areas of their choice.

• University lecturer: they train students who seek admissions in universities.

• School Liberian: a Liberian is in charge of the entire library. He keeps an account of the books and lends them out to the students.

• Teacher of adult education: this type of job concerns adults. A teacher has to teach a few skills to students.

• Teacher in a prison or in a hospital: these teachers are required to impart education to the prisoners and the patients in a hospital.

• Educational psychologists: different educational institutes have psychologists who are engaged in counseling the students. They discuss problems of the students and motivate them and help them to deal with issues better.

• English teacher teaching in a foreign school or in a college: English is much in demand throughout the world. Those countries who are not well versed with the language hire teachers for educating them.

• A bruiser who looks after the financial affairs of a particular school.